Consequences of climate change are the things that could happen or are already happen as a result of climate change.
Poorer less developed nations will probably suffer most as a result of climate change.
Certain countries also have physical characteristics that can increase their vulnerability to climate change; a good example would be the small island nations.
Global temperatures have already increased by over 1°C; however the rise is not the same everywhere. The Polar regions, especially in the Arctic are warming much more than other areas.
Sea Level Rise
If this ice continues to melt then sea levels will rise. Just the ice on Greenland could increase sea levels by around 6 metres.
Map showing (in red) a 6 metre sea level rise
Heat waves and droughts
Certain areas such as Southern Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa are already experiencing these.
What causes climate change? - Click below
Rather than thinking about the big things that governments can do we are going to think a bit more about what we can do.
It makes sense to think ahead;
Can YOU suggest what steps we could take to adapt to climate change?
Use a small group activity you know to come up with suggestions:
Is it wise to continue to keep constructing new buildings on flat land next on coastlines and along the floors of river valleys?
Can farmers change the crops that they grow?
Can we reduce our use of water so that more is available if there is a drought?
What can we do to reduce the impacts of the consequences such as building new reservoirs to cope with droughts?
What can we do if crops fail and there is a food shortage?
Can we build flood defences to protect against sea level change and increased storms frequency and severity?
How can we reduce the fossil fuels that we burn to heat our homes or travel from place to place?
What can we do with our waste?
Can we stop buying products that have come from forests that have not been replanted?
Can we plant more trees in our communities, schools and gardens?
After reading all three articles and carrying out the activities. Use the accompanying A3 sheet to help you to carry out a Decision Making Exercise into different viewpoints on climate change in different types of countries.