To help us understand why people migrate geographers use the push – pull model.
Sometimes it could be one single huge negative (-) thing like DEATH or RAPE or TORTURE – or sometimes ALL THREE!
Of course not but it is hard to watch parents holding their children above their heads trying to save them from drowning without feeling very sorry for them.
Many are escaping war in a country like Syria or Somalia but many are not the poorest most deserving.
One big problem is criminals who have turned their hand to people smuggling – sometimes called human trafficking.
Criminal gangs charge a typical $10,000 (US) to get people into the EU. In source locations often well off families sell pieces of land to raise the money and then send the most educated members of their families.
Many of these criminal gangs are actually terrorists causing the wars in countries like Syria.
UNICEF Ambassador Lucy Liu raising awareness of the dangers of Human Trafficking.
Sadly large numbers of migrants are well educated and are from safe and relatively wealthy families that pay to become economic migrants or use other ways to get into more developed countries.
The easiest way that the well-off from many countries become asylum seekers is by getting genuine or forged visas to visit an EU country such as the UK.
If someone has a genuine visa they just ‘overstay’ once their visa runs out.
Forged visas only have to fool the staff in the airport of the source country and it is easy enough to bribe such airport officials in many of these places. Once on a plane the migrant destroys their passport/travel documents and on arrival asks for asylum.
This will only aid criminals and terrorists and take away the opportunities of genuine asylum seekers in overcrowded refugee camps in poor nations who are trying to do things the legal way.
This is not just in the EU
In North America criminal gangs are trying to move people from Central and South America through Mexico and into the USA. Large numbers of people are also making the dangerous journey by sea from parts of Asia to Australia.
This year Australia took a very bold move to try to remove the pull factor for the ‘boat migrants’ who were at severe risk of drowning at sea as well as all other non-legal migrants.
They started a policy of ‘Mandatory Detention’ everyone was going to be detained; all non-legal migrants were to be placed in centres or camps on Pacific Islands.
Australia paid governments of other ‘safe countries’ made up of islands within the Pacific Ocean to open up detention camps. Camps such as this one were set up on islands such as Manus Island which is part of Papua New Guinea.
The island governments and many locals see this as an excellent way to earn money.
Spanish Area of Melilla Fence In North Africa.
So far in GITN we have made the UK look like a bad country in terms of accepting few asylum seekers and even taking the biggest part of the EU pot of money (AMIF).
The UK is actually a very good country when it comes to dealing with the push factors:
You can find out about the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) in past editions of GITN. However over the past 15 years they were the main way of reducing the push factors for migration.
Next month in September their new replacements called the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s) are being launched and GITN will tell you all about these.